Rwenzori national park

Rwenzori national park

Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a great hiking / Mountain climbing destination in Uganda sometimes referred to as the Mountains of the Moon in western Uganda on the border of Uganda and the Democratic republic of Congo and in district of Kasese.

The national park was gazzetted in 1991 and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994   offering great attractions and activities one must engage in.

The park covers 1,000 km2 (386 sq. mi) with great beautiful fauna flora and landscapes. The park has a number of plant species, animals and bird’s species that make it one of the places you must have in your bucket list of travel destinations.

The national park has the third highest peak on the African Continent making it one of the must climb mountains is you are interested in a mountaineering safari in Africa.

 The Mountains vegetation consists of bamboo, moorland, and montane forests that are noticeable as you go high on the mountain and the mountain slopes have big tree-heathers, colorful mosses with beautiful flowers and giant lobelias.

The Park  is 60 kilometers wide and one 120 kilometer long  and the mountain range is  habitat to 70 mammals species ,217 bird species of which 19 species are endemic to the Albertine Rift  and the park has lots of chameleon, butterflies and lots vegetation types very unique.

Rwenzori Mountain was named “Mountains of The Moon “by  one of the first geographers to visit it  Ptolemy around 15 AD .

The Mountain was named “Ruwenzori” a local word which means a  “Rain –Maker” and the mountains highest peak ,Margherita  stands 5,109m above sea level  with the oldest climber to get to the peak registered in 2010 is  Ms. Beryl Park aged 78 yrs.

 Mountain Rwenzori is a world-class hiking Destination that must be tried by hiking lovers with Expert hikers taking 9 to 12 days to get to Margherita the mountains highest peak.

The mountain Rwenzori has ancient rocks that were extruded from the nearby plains during its formation in the western arm of the rift valley and These Precambrian rocks weathering process created less fertile soils.

The Rwenzori Mountains inhabitants are the ancient tribes of the Baamba and Bakonjo who are Bantu-speaking people that have inhabitants the Rwenzori Mountains for centuries.


Mountain Rwenzori can be accessed by either road or air.

By Road to Rwenzori national park

Mountain Rwenzori can be accessed from Kampala by 2 two routes

Route 1 :  Kampala – Mubende -Fort Portal-Kasese which is 300km  with travel time of  about 4hrs .

Route 2: Kampala – Masaka- Mbarara- Bushenyi -Kasese, which is about 350km with travel time of roughly 6 hours.

This route has attractions that can be seen on your way to Rwenzori and those are the Lake Mburo National Park , Queen Elizabeth National Park this rote is exceptionally longer necessitating  one to have many pauses in their trip.

By Air to Rwenzori national park

A Chartered plane takes only 30 minutes to get to Kasese airstrip that is a few kilometers to the national park.



Mountain Rwenzori National Park has a number of mammal species that are around 70 and 6 of the species are endemic to Albertine Rift  . Some of the animals you will see in the national park are elephant on the low lands of the mountain, primates like chimpanzee, baboons , the blue monkey among others primates, the otter ,leopard etc. The national park does not offer great wildlife viewing opportunities because of the dense forest cover but the easiest primates to see are primates like the colobus Monkeys, the blue monkeys, antelopes like the bushbucks and the three-horned chameleon.


Mountains National Park has diverse beautiful flora which changes as one gets to the higher altitude of the mountain and this will easily be observed as you hike up the mountain.

The various altitudinal vegetation zones in the mountain are the tropical rain forest, tree heathers, the montane forest, the Afro-alpine and bamboo. The afro-alpine vegetation is mainly characterized with emblematic big forms of groundsel and lobelia, and the mountain has  the world’s unique botanical communities that can only found on Rwenzori mountain only  in east Africa above 3800 M Above sea level

Birds in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The Park has over  217  birds species and most of them are endemic to the  Albertine Rift  and these are 17 species making  Rwenzori national park one of the great birding area.

 The forest are that covers an altitude of  1800m above sea level has  a diversity of birds like  Handsome Francolin, , Rwenzori Batis, Strange Weaver and  Barbets, Flycatchers ,Archers’ Robin-chat,  Blue-headed Sunbird, Lagden’s Bush Shrike, the Rwenzori Turaco, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, as well as the Golden-winged Sunbird, Long-eared Owl , Apalises, IIladopsis, the  Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater, White-starred Robin ,the rare Montane Sooty Boubou, Slender-billed Starling, Greenbuls, and Crimson wings.

Equatorial Snow Peaks in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The high Mountain Rwenzori  comprises 6 different Mountains and they are the highest which is  Mounts Stanley that is 5,109m high, Speke that is 4,890 meters and Baker  that is 4,843 meters high with  permanent snow and glaciers on the peaks and these can all be reached by hiking through the  mountains Central Circuit and the Kilembe Trails.

Land of the Triffids

This area is misty and boggy with glacier-carved valleys are a strange botanical world with by Triffids-sized forms of rare lobelia varieties and heather and groundsel, everlasting flowers ,  with colored mosses and gnarled trees .

Lakes in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Rwenzori Mountains National Park has 20 lakes with the most accessible  being Lake Mahoma 2,651 meters above sea level that is in  the bird-rich forest of the Central Circuit.

The other lake us the beautiful Lake Bujuku  that is at the deep glacier carved Bujuku valley in the Mount Stanley shadow of  Mount Baker and Speke.

Ruboni Ruboni in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

This is Located in the southeastern foot of the Rwenzori Mountains and is  the trailhead  used by hikers for the 7day Central Circuit to the peaks.

Tourist activities in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Bird Watching in Rwenzori Mountains National Park .

The park is habitat to  round 217  birds species giving many birding opportunities in the  montane forest and some of the rare birds species you will see in the forest are Robins, ,the Bee-eaters, Sunbirds and Barbets. Other interesting bird’s species one will see in the forest are the Rwenzori Turaco, the Long-eared Owl, Black and Swift Eagle, the Bearded Vultures, among others.

Hiking and Nature Walks in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The park provides opportunity to explore the fauna and flora in the through a rewarding  nature walks especially in the central circuit zones of the national park. These nature walks  take you through the  trails that take you to Lake Mahooma, Buraro chimp forest and the communities of Kichamba to Karangura ridge .

Mountain Climbing in Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The Central Circuit Trail of the Rwenzori mountain offers a 7 day climbing experience 

Uganda safaris Tours

Gorilla Trekking Uganda Safaris

3 Day Gorilla Tracking Bwindi Impenetrable

2 Days Gorilla Tracking Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Day Uganda Safaris

1 Day Rhino Tracking Tour at Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary

1 Day Jinja City Tour

1 day white water rafting adventure safari in Jinja on the Nile River

1 Day Kampala city tour

1 Day Lake Mburo national park tour – Wildlife safari.

Short Uganda Safari Tours

2 Days Jinja tour with White water rafting safari on the Nile River

2 Days Tree Climbing Lions Tour Queen Elizabeth National Park

2 Days Murchison Falls safari Murchison Falls National Park

2 Days Chimpanzee tracking Budongo Forest tour Murchison Falls national park

2 Days Chimpanzee tracking- Birding in Kibale national park Tour Bigodi swamp

3 days queen Elizabeth safari Uganda – Tree climbing lions, Boat Cruise

3 Days Big Five safari Rhino, Lions, Elephants, Leopards, Buffaloes.

2 Days Murchison Falls safari Murchison Falls National Park

3 Days Murchison Falls Big5 Safari & CHIMPANZEE TOUR

3 Days Murchison Falls Tour

2 Days Murchison Falls Wildlife Safari

3 Days Murchison Falls National Park

2 Days Queen Elizabeth National Park Safari trip

3 Days Flying Gorilla Trekking safari in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest national park.

3 Days Murchison Falls national park safari & Rhino tracking tour, Ziwa Rhino sanctuary

3 Days Lake Bunyonyi Tour – Kabale, Uganda

Long Uganda Safari Tours

5 Days Kidepo Safari Tour

5 Days Gorilla tracking Safari, Lake Mburo and Queen Elizabeth Trekking Tree climbing lions

5 days Lake Mburo& Queen Elizabeth National Park Tree climbing lions, Chimpanzee Tracking

11 Days Birding Uganda safari and Wildlife Safaris Uganda

6 Days wildlife and chimpanzee tour – Murchison Falls, Kibale Forest and Queen Elizabeth

16 Days Uganda safari tour wildlife and primates tour

5 Days Uganda Queen Elizabeth tour and Gorilla tracking Rwanda.

14 days wildlife culture safari in Uganda

8 Days Uganda wildlife and Rwanda Safari tour.

6 Days Queen Elizabeth and Murchison falls tour safari in Uganda

7 Days Kidepo & Murchison Falls Safari

6 Days Gorilla tracking, Lake Mburo National park, Lake Bunyonyi and Volcanoes

8 Days Uganda safaris for chimpanzees and wildlife tour

11 days Uganda safari Best of Uganda wildlife tour

Uganda Mountaineering & Hiking Safaris

3 days sabyinyo hiking safari

3 days Mgahinga hike